From a legal point of view, the physician-patient relationship is defined as contractual. The contract between the physician and the patient is indefinite and is essentially the closest to the service contract. The contract has no written form and no express will is required. The contract is deemed to have been concluded when the physician has agreed to accept, examine or advise the patient.
The contract does not oblige the physician to achieve a specific result, but obliges him with proper conduct, according to the modern achievements of medical science, ethics and deontology and the current regulatory framework.
The imparative obligation of physicians is not to hurt, nor do any action without the patient's consent.
The patient may give up the contract at any time during the healing process.
The doctor can not refuse medical assistance in emergency situations, except in cases of factual inability or force of force majeure. The contract between the doctor and the patient ends when the healing process is completed.
In treatment in a hospital, a party to this contract is the medical institution - a legal entity.